Jorge Humberto F Martins, Marisa C Alves, Daniela C Ramos, Helena F Alves, Jorge Manuel Quadros, Carlos Alberto R Ribeiro, António Diogo Paiva
(Cochlear Implant Departament of CHUC, Centro Hospitalar Universitário de Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal)
JHS 2015; 5(1): OA31-37
Using the telephone for everyday communication and social interaction allows the profoundly deaf patient who uses a cochlear implant to increase their independence and self-esteem. Being able to use the telephone presupposes the ability to perceive speech without the aid of lipreading or any other visual cue.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Objective: This paper aims to evaluate speech perception performance through the telephone in adult users of cochlear implants.
Study sample: 200 adult patients who had used a cochlear implant for a minimum of 1 year were evaluated with speech perception tests (words and sentences) in free-field and through the telephone. They were divided into two groups: group I, composed of individuals who used the telephone in everyday life, and group II, individuals who did not use it.
RESULTS: The results showed statistically significant differences in free-field tonal and vocal thresholds between both groups, with better performance from group I. When the speech perception tests results in free-field and through the telephone were compared, for both groups the performance was better in free-field.
CONCLUSIONS: The results showed a statistically significant difference between the two groups, with better performance from group I in all tests.
Keywords: Cochlear Implants, Correction of Hearing Impairment, Telephone